A Brief History of Goldratt's Theory of Constraints (TOC)
The Theory of Constraints (TOC) is was introduced in 1984 by Dr. Eliyahu M. Goldratt in his bestselling business novel "The Goal," and spread rapidly thereafter. The Theory of Constraints Institute was established on June 11, 2012 to commemorate the first anniversary of Eli's untimely death. This brief History of TOC summarizes key milestones along the way of the overall movement.
Background & Influences
Dr. Goldratt completed his BS from Tel Aviv University; then completed his MS and Doctor of Philosophy from Bar-llan University. This grounding in physics and the accurate sciences strongly influenced his ideas and work throughout his life.
After helping several Israeli manufacturers, Goldratt left academics to join a company called Creative Output. The company developed and sold a software package, the Optimized Production Technology (OPT). OPT was billed as the first software to provide finite capacity scheduling for production environments. This software and the principles behind it were analyzed by a number of major publications and formed the early seeds of the Theory of Constraints.
We can trace TOC's historical development by following the trail of books and artifacts that Dr. Goldratt left behind: